Do domestic firms benefit from geographic proximity with FDI? Evidence from the privatization of the Czech glass industry
|Type:||IES Working Papers|
|ISSN / ISBN:|
|Published in:||IES Working Papers 20/2008|
|Keywords:||Foreign direct investments, agglomeration economies, panel data, regional location, Czech Republic, glass industry|
|JEL codes:||C23, F21, F23, L61, O18, R12|
|Suggested Citation:||Galeotti, E. (2008). “ Do domestic firms benefit from geographic proximity with FDI? Evidence from the privatization of the Czech glass industry ” IES Working Paper 20/2008. IES FSV. Charles University.|
|Abstract:||This paper analyzes the effects of geographical proximity and agglomeration of FDIs (foreign direct investments) on domestic firms in the privatized glass sector in the Czech Republic. The motivation for this research is based on the scant evidence in Central and Eastern Europe of the effects of geographical proximity and agglomeration on the productivity of domestic firms. This study aims to explain how spillovers are transferred from FDIs to domestic firms.
The econometrical analysis, using original panel data from 1990 to 2006, provides evidence that the agglomeration of FDIs has a negative and significant effect on the productivity of domestic firms in the glass sector at a 5% level. The effect of geographical proximity to FDIs is significant at a 10% level but not in all models.
The results support the importance of geographic proximity and agglomeration of FDIs and conform with the evidence that shows that FDIs have produced negative spillovers on domestic firms in transition countries.