|| † prof. RNDr. Ing. František Turnovec CSc., |
||Article in collection
|ISSN / ISBN:
||Policy Modeling 2009
||EcoMod Press, Northampton, MA, USA
||Co-decision procedure, committee system, consultation procedure, European Union decision making, Penrose-Banzhaf power indices, qualified majority, simple voting committee, weighted majority game
||C71, D72, H77
||Turnovec F. (2009), Council, Commission and European Parliament Influence in European Union Decision Making. In: Dramais, A. and M. Mérette (eds), Policy Modeling 2009, Proceedings of the Ecomoc2009 Conference held in Ottawa, Canada, on june 24-26, 2009.
|| GACR 402/09/1066: Political Economy of Voting Behavior: Rational Voter Theory and Models of Strategic Voting
||Distribution of decisional power among member states of the EU has remained a hot issue in recent discussions about future design of European Union decision making and Lisbon revision of unsuccessful proposal of Constitutional Treaty. Usually only the distribution of voting weights in the Council of Ministers under qualified majority voting rule is taken into account. In contrast to that, in this paper we formulate simplified models of consultation and co-decision procedures in decision-making of the European Union institutions, reflecting fact that together with Council of Ministers also Commission and European Parliament are important actors in the EU decision making. The main conclusion of the paper is that distribution of voting power in the Council of Ministers voting gives incomplete evidence about national influence in European Union decision making. With rare exceptions decision making is based on consultation and co-decision procedures involving Commission and/or European Parliament. Legislative procedures change inter-institutional distribution of power (among Council, Commission and European Parliament), reducing the power of the Council, and at the same time they change intra-institutional power in the Council (relative power of the member states compared to the Council voting without taking into account Commission and Parliament).