Publication detail

Kristoufek, L.: Leverage effect in energy futures

Author(s): prof. PhDr. Ladislav Krištoufek Ph.D.,
Type: Others
Year: 2014
Number: 0
ISSN / ISBN:
Published in: FinMaP Working Paper 17 PDF
Publishing place: Kiel University
Keywords:
JEL codes:
Suggested Citation:
Abstract: We propose a comprehensive treatment of the leverage effect, i.e. the relationship between returns and volatility of a specific asset, focusing on energy commodities futures, namely Brent and WTI crude oils, natural gas and heating oil. After estimating the volatility process without assuming any specific form of its behavior, we find the volatility to be long-term dependent with the Hurst exponent on a verge of stationarity and non-stationarity. To overcome such complication, we utilize the detrended cross-correlation and the detrending moving-average cross-correlation coefficients and we find the standard leverage effect for both crude oils and heating oil. For natural gas, we find the inverse leverage effect. Additionally, we report that the strength of the leverage effects is scale-dependent. Finally, we also show that none of the effects between returns and volatility is detected as the long-term cross-correlated one. These findings can be further utilized to enhance forecasting models and mainly in the risk management and portfolio diversification.
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