Publication detail

Impact of German Energiewende on Transmission Lines in the Central European Region

Author(s): prof. Ing. Karel Janda M.A., Dr., Ph.D., Jan Málek
Mgr. Lukáš Rečka , Jan Málek
Type: IES Working Papers
Year: 2018
Number: 5
Published in: IES Working Papers 05/2018
Publishing place: Prague
Keywords: Energiewende, RES, transmission networks, congestion, loop flows, ELMOD, Central Europe
JEL codes: L94, Q21, Q48, C61
Suggested Citation: Malek, J., Recka L. and Janda K. (2018). "Impact of German Energiewende on Transmission Lines in the Central European Region” IES Working Paper 05/2018. IES FSV. Charles University.
Abstract: The impacts of renewable energy production and German nuclear phase-out on the electricity transmission systems in Central Europe is investigated with focus on the disparity between the growth of renewable production and the pace at which new electricity transmission lines have been built, especially in Germany. This imbalance endangers the system stability and reliability in the whole region. The assessment of these impacts on the transmission grid is analysed by the direct current load flow model ELMOD. Two scenarios for the year 2025 are evaluated from different perspectives. The distribution of loads in the grids is shown. Hourly patterns are analysed. Geographical decomposition is made, and problematic regions are identified. The high solar or wind power generation decrease the periods of very low transmission load and increase the mid- and high load on the transmission lines. High solar feed-in has less detrimental impacts on the transmission grid than high wind feed-in. High wind feed-in burdens the transmission lines in the north-south direction in Germany and water-pump-storage areas in Austria.
Downloadable: wp_2018_05_janda


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