Detail publikace

Estimating Tax Progressivity in Developing Countries: The Plato Index

Autor: doc. Petr Janský Ph.D., Alex Cobham, Edmund FitzGerald
Typ: IES Working Papers
Rok: 2021
Číslo: 35
Publikováno v: IES Working Papers 35/2021
Místo vydání: Prague
Klíčová slova: direct taxation, tax progressivity, developing countries, fiscal incidence, social protection
JEL kódy: D12, H23, I32, O15
Citace: Cobham A., FitzGerald E. and Janský P. (2021): "Estimating Tax Progressivity in Developing Countries: The Plato Index" IES Working Papers 35/2021. IES FSV. Charles University.
Abstrakt: Progressive direct taxation is necessary to complement social protection, in order to reduce income inequality as well as poverty. A new metric of personal income tax incidence progressivity (the ‘Plato Index’) is presented, using WIDER databases for income inequality (WIID) and tax revenues (GDR). Taxation is shown to be far less progressive in developing countries, than in developed ones (particularly Europe) although there are large variations within regional and income groups. There is significant correlation of direct tax progressivity not only with the level of economic development, but also with health and education provision. Both findings imply potential policy space for higher personal income tax pressure.
Ke stažení: wp_2021_35_cobham, fitzgerald, jansky




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