Active Labour Market Policy and Its Regional Effects in the Czech Republic
|Author:||Mgr. Kalíšková Klára|
|Year:||2011 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. Ing. Vladislav Flek CSc.
|Work type:|| Doctoral
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||Active labour market policy is a widely used labour market intervention, which should
increase the efficiency of labour market and help increase regular employment. However, its
real impacts on labour market conditions are ambiguous. Although the literature concerning
effectiveness of active labour market policy (ALMP) measures is extensive, there is no
conclusive evidence regarding which ALMP measures are efficient and to what extent. The
effectiveness of active labour market policy depends on many circumstances including
characteristics of a given measure and conditions in a corresponding labour market.
Therefore, decisions regarding implementation of ALMP measures should be based on highquality
and systematic evaluation of impacts of these measures in the given labour market.
In the Czech Republic there is no regular system of active labour market policy evaluation,
but the need for evaluation is even more urgent in the current economic crisis.
The thesis offers both theoretical and empirical analysis of the active labour market
policy effectiveness. Theoretical analysis introduces a comprehensive labour market model,
which is grounded in the findings of existing literature and enables us to identify possible
macroeconomic effects of ALMP measures on aggregate labour market situation. Second
part of this thesis introduces the empirical analysis of macroeconomic effects of ALMP
measures in the Czech Republic regions. Results of this analysis show that training measures,
subsidised employment and measures financed from the EU Structural Funds do have
negative effects on total jobless rate. The magnitude of these effects is however relatively
small and for direct job creation schemes there were no significant effects found. Although
these results are in accordance with relevant evaluation literature, the thesis emphasizes the
need of further research of active labour market policy effectiveness in the Czech Republic.
|Downloadable:|| Rigorous Thesis Kalíšková