Work detail

Sibling Rivalry and Characteristics of Marriage

Author: Bc. Tomáš Klepetko
Year: 2014 - summer
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 95
Awards and prizes: B.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good bachelors diploma thesis.
Abstract: Parents are involved in their children's marriage decisions in a large part
of developing world. Resources are scarce, so sibling structure may affect
individual marriage and human capital outcomes. Previous literature focused
mainly on timing of marriage and education. The objective of this thesis
is to test several hypotheses, concerning sibling structure effects on wider
range of such characteristics, as spousal quality, domestic violence, polygamy
and wealth. In general, we explore the hypothesis that in countries with
arranged marriage tradition, women, whose next-youngest sibling is female,
are disadvantaged to women, whose next-youngest sibling is male. The
hypothesis is empirically tested, using data from five countries in Sub-
Saharan Africa. The results show consistent sibling structure effects on early
marriage and childbearing across the countries. The effects on education,
spousal quality, domestic violence and wealth are less robust. No effect on
literacy and polygamy was found.


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