Work detail

Decision about family size

Author: Bc. Eva Melcerová
Year: 2014 - summer
Leaders: prof. Ing. Lubomír Mlčoch CSc.
Consultants:
Work type: Bachelors
Language: Czech
Pages: 60
Awards and prizes: B.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an extraordinarily good bachelors diploma thesis.
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/136689/
Abstract: The aging population of the Czech Republic is a very acute problem. While the increase in
life expectancy and the related need for reform of overshadow. In the theoretical
part of my
bachelor theses I am concerned with issues that affect fertility. More specifically, I focus on
the perceived size of the family and its changes over time, the cost of children, parenthood
postponement to a later age, and especially the combinat
ion of work and family. I also
concern with the functions of family policy of the Czech Republic and major social benefits
for families with children. In the practical part I define my own model with aspects affecting
fertility and trying to point out the
unfriendly family policy of the Czech Republic, which
focuses more on families with some problems or specifics than on standard families. My
model builds on the already well
-
known model of Gary Becker and enriches him on other
important variables. Furtherm
ore, I analyze the tax benefits for families with children, and
especially already canceled joint taxation of married couples. Here by simple calculations I
point to the fact that although it was canceled because of meaningless after uniform income
tax for
some of the families could make sense it even at the present level of income tax.
Finally, a simple model shows the option of parental leave and certain aspects that affect its
length.
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