Work detail

Migration and Economic Voting Outcomes: Theory and Empirics from Moldova

Author: Mgr. Ludmila Pascanean
Year: 2015 - summer
Leaders: doc. PhDr. Martin Gregor Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Masters
MEF
Language: English
Pages: 96
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/138265/
Abstract: The focus of the present research is to explore several dimensions and their interconnections: migration,
election results and implemented policies. It will analyse how emigration is affecting the elections
results and voting patterns, of both, migrants and non-migrants, thus influencing the undertaken policies
and institution development in the home country. This thesis is based on evidence from Republic of
Moldova, an Eastern European country with a Soviet Union heritage. The study covers the years
1998-2010 using data for 6 election results in Moldova and data about emigration during the
corresponding years. The key assumption, confirmed in this thesis is that with increase of number of
emigrants to the West countries, especially countries of European Union, the percentage of votes offered
to Communist Party decreases, while there is a positive connection between the number of emigrants to
eastern countries, namely Russia, and the number of votes given to Communist Party. Therefore, the
migrants have different voting patterns from non-migrants, which with time are passed to their families
and connections in the home country, using the spillover effect and hence being able to change the
political and economic institutions in the home country. Data is modelled using OLS and GMM.

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