Can Club Model Explain the Rise of the Islamic State?
|Author:||Bc. Kristýna Matoulková|
|Year:||2016 - summer|
|Leaders:|| PhDr. Lubomír Cingl Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has become a major threat of the contemporary
period. It is therefore important to find the efficient way how to fight
this group successfully. Besides political, social and psychological approaches
to the counter-terrorism topic, there is also the club model in economics of religion
that can surprisingly well model behaviour of radical extremist units and
that proposes implications for counter-terrorism policy. It implies that terrorist
organizations that provide social services can function as clubs. They introduce
prohibitions such as dress code to ensure active participation and use sacrifices
to screen out free-riders. Both of these practices make these groups unusually
successful. This thesis has two main goals. Firstly, we show that ISIL has all
the necessary attributes to fit into the club model framework, which we confirm
by suggestive evidence that this organization uses escalated violence to select
loyal members. Secondly, based on the club logic, we claim that efficient policy
measures to fight ISIL should be focused on improving provisions of public
goods in Syria and Iraq, creating better paid jobs and encouraging education.