Measuring and explaining the extent of occupational gender segregation
|Author:||Bc. Tereza Ranošová|
|Year:||2016 - summer|
|Leaders:|| Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||Occupational gender segregation is one of the most visible characteristics of labour markets all over the
world, the Czech Republic is not an exception. In 2013 more than 57% of employed men or women
would have to change their job so that the proportion of each gender could be the same in each
occupation. The measure increases to 60.19% when housework is treated as another occupation.
Moreover, men are often almost completely isolated from women – more than 18% of them work in an
occupation with less than one percent of female colleagues. Unexpectedly, the youngest cohorts in the
sample experience higher segregation than men and women in their thirties and forties. In the second
half of the thesis occupations are characterised by their demanded abilities and work styles, contexts,
values and interests (utilizing the O*NET database). It is tested which of these characteristics actually
matter for the concentration of men or women in an occupation. Altogether, eighteen characteristics
proved significant. The most surprising result is that higher demanded levels of mathematics and
memorization attract the opposite gender than is assumed in the literature.