Work detail

Determinants of pension expenditure in countries of EU

Author: Bc. Tereza Pinkrová
Year: 2016 - summer
Leaders: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík CSc.
Work type: Bachelors
Language: Czech
Pages: 56
Awards and prizes:
Abstract: This work analyzes the current state of pension systems in countries of European union. First
this work describes the division of pension systems, then captures the EU’s objectives to build
a sustainable pension systém.The work also describes in detail the pension systems of Czech
Republic and selected countries of EU. Finally, this work identify by statistical method using
an econometric model important determinants that affect pension costs of European countries.
Econometric analysis uses balanced panel data set, which is compiled from annual observations
of 28 member states of the European Union in the 2006-2013 time frame. For endogenous
variable were used ratios of state spending on pensions as a percentage of GDP and exogenous
variables were used together on the 15th. The model was tested on correlation,
heteroscedasticity and normality. It was used econometric model with fixed effects with robust
standard errors. Another aim of the work was to determine which the pension system is the best
for states, if often used defined benefit or defined contribution system. This was solved by using
dummy variables in the model. In conclusion, it outlined possible solutions for a sustainable
pension system.




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