Free Mobility of Labour and the EU Eastern Enlargement
|Author:||Mgr. Wadim Strelkowski|
|Year:||2002 - summer|
|Leaders:|| † prof. RNDr. Ing. František Turnovec CSc.
|Work type:|| European Integration
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The goal of this diploma thesis is to assess the real impact of the implementation of the free mobility of labour in the context of the EU eastern enlargement. Fears of a massive wave of working migration proved unfounded at the time of past EU enlargements and thus are not likely to come true during the forthcoming enlargement including the CEECs. However, because of the large economic disparities existing between the accession countries and the EU, the transition period for the free movement of persons of several years after the accession seems to be inevitable -- though can be at least shortened, as in the case of the southern enlargement.
There are undoubtedly going to be workers from the Central and Eastern European countries who will seek employment in the EU, yet their numbers will remain manageable. Transitional periods implemented with regard to the free movement of labour are therefore unnecessary, though likely to be introduced due to the domestic considerations in the most affected countries - Germany and Austria.
The introduction of the transitional periods may prolong the process of leveling life-levels, technological and economic growth, infrastructure, cultural and social standards within the enlarged EU. It also means sending the political signal to the accession countries, who would be turned into second-class members, deprived of one of the most vital freedoms of the Single Market.