Education and HIV: //Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
|Autor:||Mgr. Tadeáš Kopecký|
|Rok:||2017 - zimní|
|Vedoucí:|| doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Diplomová
Finance, finanční trhy a bankovnictví
|Abstrakt:||The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains a large threat for developing countries, especially
for Sub-Saharan Africa. To be able to fight the epidemic, we need to
understand the socio-economic drivers of it to distinguish the groups of people
at the highest risk of the HIV. We performed an econometric analysis using
logistic regression dealing with the relationship between education and several
HIV connected factors - HIV status, HIV knowledge and sexual behavior - based
on a large sample from 21 Sub-Saharan African countries from Demographic
and Health Survey data collection from years 2008-2014. The education appears
to be non-lineary correlated with the HIV status as people with primary
and secondary education are at the highest risk of being HIV positive. These
results can be nevertheless influenced by e.g. survivorship bias as the education
appears to have a positive effect on both HIV knowledge and protective sexual
behavior. It is thus advised to promote education in the Sub-Saharan Africa.
At the same time, it is needed to target the help primary to the groups at
the highest risk of being HIV positive to prevent further spread of HIV and to
help families of the HIV positive individuals. Moreover, we found that there is
no significant difference in the correlation between education and HIV status
between rich and poor and high and low HIV prevalence countries.