Work detail

Occupational regulation and its influence on the labor market: evidence from reforms in the Czech Republic

Author: Bc. Marie Ptáčníková
Year: 2017 - summer
Leaders: Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebická M.A., Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 65
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/185518/
Abstract: This thesis examines the impact of a 2004 reform that increased educational requirements
for a regulated profession, namely nurses, on earnings level for both waged and salaried
employees, and employment within nurse profession in the Czech Republic. Recently, a
reform in the opposite direction regarding educational requirements for general nurses is
in the approval process. It makes this analysis relevant. Similar country-based studies
contracted by the European Commission regarding occupational regulation show mixed
results, what additionally motivates this study. To identify effects of the reform a linear
probability model and a difference-in-differences analysis were used. Empirical results
suggest a negative effect on nurses’ salaries with respect to doctors. In the case of wages,
the effect appears to be fluctuating. As for the employment, a decrease in the probability
of pursuing a nurse profession was identified for the years following the reform, but
mostly insignificant. In general, this thesis shows that the reform had slightly negative
short-term effect on nurses’ earnings and employment levels. Due to few after-reform
yearly observations it is challenging to make long-term conclusions.

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