Work detail

Population Characteristics of Voters: //Evidence from the Czech Parliamentary Election

Author: Bc. Jakub Černý
Year: 2019 - summer
Leaders: doc. Petr Janský Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 62
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/202750/
Abstract: In 2017, nine political parties were elected into the Czech Parliament, which
is the greatest number in the history of the country. This thesis analyses the
voter turnout and results of particular parties, using aggregated data on the
municipal level. The goal is to find a spectrum of variables that would uncover connections between the population characteristics of voters and their
decisions to vote and to choose a political party. The method of weighted least
squares is used for estimation and the results are tested for the presence of spatial autocorrelation. Subsequently, a spatial error model is used for the same
analysis in order to observe spatial effects in the voting results and provide a
comparison between the methods. There is found a significant negative connection between the voter turnout and the share of people facing distraints,
unemployment, and the share of people with no education. Concerning the
election results, the parties ANO, SPD, and KSCM receive greater support in
municipalities with greater unemployment and lower shares of businessmen and
people with university education. On the other hand, the parties ODS, Pirati,
and TOP 09 evince exactly the opposite trends in these explanatory variables.

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