Work detail

Ex-prisoners and the Labour Market in the Czech Republic

Author: Bc. Klára Kantová
Year: 2019 - summer
Leaders: Mgr. Dominika Špolcová
Consultants:
Work type: Bachelors
Language: English
Pages: 55
Awards and prizes:
Link: https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/203236/
Abstract: Unemployment rate is a key macroeconomic indicator of a state’s prosperity. This study aims
to investigate the effect of ex-prisoners on unemployment rate at times of low rate of
unemployment. The subjects of interest are those released from prison upon serving their
sentence and their integration into the labour market. Currently, formerly incarcerated
individuals are often socially rejected and discriminated by the public, which usually results in
their return to prison. Thus, as a means to prevent recidivism, it is important to reintegrate them
back into the society. In this vein, this study also examines the effect of unemployment rates
and ex-prisoners on the recidivism rate in the Czech Republic in 1992 to 2018. For the 2014 to
2018 period, it further investigates this effect (i.e. of unemployment rates and ex-prisoners on
recidivism rates) by month across 13 regions (there is no prison in the Zlín region). It uses the
data provided by the Prison Services Yearbooks, as well as data from the Czech Statistical
Office and the Integrated Portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs for information
specifically regarding the main macroeconomic indicators of the Czech Republic. The results
of the various models run indicate no significant effect of released prisoners on unemployment
rate. However, the prison population size (i.e. those not yet released) did show an effect on
unemployment and recidivism rates. Results also indicate that the recidivism rate is affected by
unemployment rate, with panel data analysis showing a higher and more reliable effect.

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