Collaborative purchasing in public procurement: A comparative study
|Autor:||Bc. Tomáš Křivohlavý|
|Rok:||2019 - letní|
|Vedoucí:|| PhDr. Miroslav Palanský M.A., Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Bakalářská
|Abstrakt:||This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of collaborative purchasing in public procurement. We
describe possible effects of centralized purchasing and define the objectives and strategies of
the European Union regarding procurement centralization. Then, we examine the effects of
centralized procurement based on a unique dataset of tenders from the whole European Union
using Quasi-Maximum likelihood estimation. We find a positive effect of central procurement
on competition in three procurement sectors. We also find that the effect is higher in countries
with a higher degree of corruption. Centralized purchasing is criticized because of possible
disadvantaging of small enterprises. We show that this strategy has a negative effect on the
probability of awarding contracts to small or medium companies in two procurement sectors.
One of the recommendations of the European Union to solve this problem is the usage of tenders
with multiple selection criteria. However, our results do not confirm the validity of this