A Meta-Analytic Approach to Gender Pay Gap: A Case of Discrimination?
|Author:||Mgr. Elizaveta Konstantinova|
|Year:||2020 - summer|
|Leaders:|| prof. PhDr. Ladislav Krištoufek Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Economic Theory
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The phenomenon of the gender pay gap has now been vastly examined for several decades and the research to date is extensive and diverse. In the thesis
at hand, we accumulate, review and summarize empirical findings across the
recent literature on the gender pay gap by means of meta-regression analysis.
Our sample covers almost 20 years of the latest research and 35 developed countries. The meta-regression results explain almost 90 percent of the study-tostudy variation and suggest that the largest impact on the estimated adjusted
gender pay gap results from not controlling for hours worked. Furthermore,
the publication status of the original study is shown to have a large downward
impact on the estimated gender pay gap. Conversely, the empirical findings
suggest that a study affiliated with a certain institution promoting feminism
or gender equality tend to overestimate the adjusted gender pay gap.