The Effect of Temperature on Suicide: A Meta-Analysis
|Autor:||Bc. Daniel Bartušek|
|Rok:||2021 - letní|
|Vedoucí:|| doc. PhDr. Zuzana Havránková Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Bakalářská
|Abstrakt:||In this thesis I investigate the empirical evidence on the relationship between
temperature and suicide rates. The previous survey on the relationship suggested that a 1°C increase in temperature is associated with a 1% increase in
suicide risk. An estimate of this magnitude would play a significant role in the
computation of the social cost of carbon, a concept used to set climate-related
regulations by policymakers around the world. I challenge this conclusion using
novel, state-of-the-art meta-analysis methods. By expanding the dataset and
correcting for publication bias I show that the effect of temperature on suicide
rates is three times less than previously suggested, deeming the relationship
economically insignificant. Moreover, I did not find any robust evidence for a
specific study design that would systematically influence the magnitude of the
estimated effect quantifying this relationship.