Agricultural Policies of the EU and the USA – Is there a Difference?
|Author:||Mgr. Miroslava Žilková|
|Year:||2005 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. Ing. Ondřej Schneider MPhil., Ph.D.
|Work type:|| European Integration
|Awards and prizes:||M.A. with distinction from the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences for an excellent state-final examination performance
Mr. Laurent Weil from Robert Schuman University (Strasbourg)served as leading external consultant.
|Abstract:||In this thesis several aspects of agricultural policies of the USA and EU are studied. The most important is the comparison of measures these policies apply and their budgetary costs.
Several sources of data were used, mainly the European Commission, the Farm Service Agency of the USA and the OECD.
The results are quite close to what was expected in the project.
In general the agricultural policy of the USA is less commodity oriented compared to the pre-reform policy of the EU. Much more emphasis is given to the development programs.
The forms of commodity programs are quite similar with one big difference – most of the commodity provisions in the USA are strictly decoupled. Those of the pre-reform EU were not decoupled (the exception were the direct payments for cereals). This situation is going to be changed in the 2005 reform of the CAP, the direct commodity payments here will be strictly decoupled as well. This won’t however be true for the intervention price mechanism. It will stay more or less the same. The costs of the two policies are similar in relative terms.
In the final chapter the suggestions of the author for the future of agricultural policies are given. The main suggestion is not to abolish the present policies entirely but to alter them substantially.