Publication detail

Parental Background and Other-Regarding Preferences in Children (M. Bauer, J. Chytilová, B. Pertold-Gebicka)

Author(s): doc. PhDr. Michal Bauer Ph.D.,
doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.,
Mgr. Barbara Pertold-Gebicka M.A., Ph.D.,
Type: Articles in journals with impact factor
Year: 2014
Number: 0
ISSN / ISBN: 1386-4157
Published in: Experimental Economics 17(1): 24-46
Publishing place:
Keywords: other-regarding preferences, altruism, selfishness, children, family background, field experiment
JEL codes: C93, D03, D64, I24
Suggested Citation:
Grants: GACR Postdoc - Endogenous social preferences and economic behavior Global Development Network - Formation of Other-Regarding Preferences
Abstract: Other-regarding preferences are important for establishing and maintaining cooperative outcomes. In this paper, we study how the formation of other-regarding preferences during childhood is related to parental background. Our subjects, aged 4–12 years, are classified into other-regarding types based on simple binary-choice dictator games. The main finding is that the children of parents with low education are less altruistic, more selfish, and more likely to be weakly spiteful. This link is robust to controlling for a rich set of children’s characteristics and class fixed effects. It also stands out against the overall development of preferences, as we find children to become more altruistic, less selfish, and less likely to be weakly spiteful with increasing age. The results, supported by a complementary analysis of World Values Survey data, suggest an important role of socialization in the formation of other-regarding preferences.
Downloadable: Parental Background
Parental Background - Appendix 1
Parental Background - Appendix 2
June 2023


Česká Spořitelna


Patria Finance