Publication detail

Malek, Jan; Recka, Lukas and Janda, Karel. "Impact of German Energiewende on Transmission Lines in the Central European Region." Energy Efficiency 2018, 11 (3), pp. 683-700.

Author(s): prof. Ing. Karel Janda M.A., Dr., Ph.D., Málek, Jan
Mgr. Lukáš Rečka , Málek, Jan
Type: Articles in journals with impact factor
Year: 2018
Number: 0
ISSN / ISBN: 1570-6478
Published in:
Publishing place:
Keywords: Energiewende, RES, transmission networks, congestion, loop flows, ELMOD, Central Europe
JEL codes:
Suggested Citation: Malek, Jan; Recka, Lukas and Janda, Karel. "Impact of German Energiewende on Transmission Lines in the Central European Region." Energy Efficiency 2018, 11 (3), pp. 683-700.
Abstract: This paper analyses the impacts of the growth of renewable energy production and German nuclear phase-out on the electricity transmission systems in Central
Europe. The principal concern is the significant disparity between the growth of renewable production and the pace at which new transmission lines for the transport of
electricity have been built, especially in Germany. This imbalance profoundly endangers the system stability and reliability in the whole region. The assessment of these impacts on the transmission grid is analysed by the direct
current load flow model ELMOD. Two development scenarios for the year 2025 are evaluated by three representative weeks. The results illustrate the issue from
three different perspectives. First, the distribution of loads in the grids is shown.
Second, hourly patterns during particular weeks are analysed. Third, a geograph-
ical decomposition is made, and problematic regions are identified. The high solar
or wind power generation decrease the periods of very low transmission load and
increase the mid- and high load on the transmission lines. High solar feed-in has less detrimental impacts on the transmission grid than high wind feed-in. High wind feed-in burdens the transmission lines in the north-south direction in Germany and water-pump-storage areas in Austria.
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