Publication detail

Kristoufek, L.: Bitcoin and its mining on the equilibrium path

Author(s): prof. PhDr. Ladislav Krištoufek Ph.D.,
Type: Articles in journals with impact factor
Year: 2020
Number: 0
ISSN / ISBN:
Published in: Energy Economics 85, art. 104588 PDF
Publishing place:
Keywords: Bitcoin, digital mining, cryptocurrency, electricity
JEL codes:
Suggested Citation:
Grants: PRIMUS/19/HUM/17 2019-2021 Behavioral finance and macroeconomics: New insights for the mainstream
Abstract: Bitcoin as a major cryptocurrency has come up as a shooting star of the 2017 and 2018 headlines. After exploding its price twenty times just in the twelve months of 2017, the tone has changed dramatically in 2018 after major price corrections and increasing concerns about its mining power consumption and overall sustainability. The dynamics and interaction between Bitcoin price and its mining costs have become of major interest. Here we show that these two quantities are tightly interconnected and they tend to a common long-term equilibrium. Mining costs adjust to the cryptocurrency price with the adjustment time of several months up to a year. Current developments suggest that we have arrived at a new era of Bitcoin mining where marginal (electricity) costs and mining efficiency play the prime role. Presented results open new avenues towards interpreting past and predicting future developments of the Bitcoin mining framework and their main possible directions are outlined and discussed here as well.

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