|| Salim Turdaliev BSc M.A., Janda, Karel|
||Články ve sborníku
|ISSN / ISBN:
||43rd IAEE International Conference 2022: Mapping the Energy Future, Tokyo, Japan. International Association for Energy Economics
||43rd IAEE International Conference 2022: Mapping the Energy Future, Tokyo, Japan.
||residential electricity pricing; increasing-block-tariffs; CO2 emissions; dirty fuels; post-Soviet economy; Russia; natural experiment.
||Q41, Q48, L98, L94
|| GAUK 454120 Efekt nelineárního tarifu na poptávku po energiích a investic do předmětů dlouhodobé spotřeby v tranzitivních ekonomikách: Odhady využívající mikro data a přirozený experiment
||This paper investigates the relationship between the increasing-block-tariffs (IBT) for residential electricity, and the propensity of households to purchase dirty fuels. We combine RLMS-HSE, a panel household data, with the introduction of the IBT schemes for residential electricity in three experimental regions of Russia to analyze this relationship. Using a differences-in-differences empirical specification we find that the propensity to purchase dirty fuels has increased in the regions where the IBT schemes were introduced. We find that the size of the increase varies from 3.8-percentage points, for the full sample of households, to 13.4-percentage points when restricting the sample to households that do not have access to district heating networks. This accounts for approximately a 27% increase, and a 50% increase respectively compared to the similar households in the regions that did not implement IBT pricing schemes. The empirical evidence from this paper suggests that the environmental benefits that result from the implementation of the IBT pricing schemes may be overstated if the possible negative environmental impacts of switching to more affordable, but hazardous energy sources by the population as a response to the tariff-shifts are not taken into account by the policymakers.