Membership of Romania as a part of the strategy of EU enlargement
|Author:||Mgr. Ivo Krampera|
|Year:||2009 - summer|
|Leaders:|| † prof. Ing. Luděk Urban CSc., Jean Monnet Professor
|Work type:|| EEI & EP
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The thesis will introduce the economic development of Romania from the 1940s´ until the 1990s´ and the difficult starting point after the revolutionary year 1989.
It will analyze the Accession Treaty and the pre- and post-entry Monitoring reports by the European Commission. It will compare select indices of Romania and the Czech Republic and show the increases of the Romanian economy supported by European funds. It will compare the Czech and Romanian Accession Treaties including the respective Transition periods. It will discuss the high Romanian support of EU membership. It will show the specifics of the Romanian economy, for example the increase of Foreign direct investments, the stagnating agriculture, the two million-strong emigration to Italy and Spain and the important car industry. The thesis looks at the IMF and EU loan and the accompanying conditions. It takes into consideration the definition of „the borders of Europe“ in relation to the future expansion of the EU in the West Balkans and Turkey. It shows the need to strenghten the security of European energy supplies by building the gas pipeline Nabucco and the oil pipeline PEOP, of which Romania is a part of.
The thesis is divided into four main chapters. The first concisely shows the economic development of Romania from the Second World War up to the 1990s´ and the transition to
a democratic state following the revolution in 1989. The second concerns the preparations to join the EU, the Accession Treaty including the Transition periods, the monitoring of the country by the European Commission and the viewpoint of the population to EU membership. The third chapter looks at several specific characteristics of the Romanian economy, from agriculture and industry to the high numbers of emigrants. It summarizes the Czech-Romanian trade relations and the biggest projects of the most important Czech investors. The IMF and EU loan is considered in light of the financial crisis and the necessity for legislative reforms. The fourth chapter considers the future expansion of the EU in the West Balkans, Turkey and Moldovia. It takes into account the Czech presidency of the Council of the EU, the search for alternate supply routes of oil and gas to Europe and the participation of Romania in the European projects for the gas pipeline Nabucco and the oil pipeline PEOP