Liberalization of Trade in Peru: Analysis of the Free Trade Agreement with USA and its effect on incomes
|Author:||Mgr. Marta Šimůnková|
|Year:||2012 - winter|
|Leaders:|| doc. PhDr. Michal Bauer Ph.D.
|Work type:|| EEI & EP
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||This thesis analyzes the trade liberalization implemented in the form of FTA between
Peru and USA in 2009 and its effect on the welfare of different clusters of individuals. In the
ambient of economy with high income inequities it evaluates the liberalization separately for
different income-level samples. The research is based on the comparison of groups of individuals
occupied in sectors that were already liberalized by other market opening tools before 2009 and
groups recently affected by the FTA. The analysis is than accomplished on the household survey
panel data covering the period between 2007 and 2010. The findings suggest the trade
liberalization positively affected not only the wealthier population but also the poor, both from
the category of individuals working in sectors producing for domestic consumption. The positive
effect on export-oriented producers hasn’t been approved.