Work detail

EU Policy for Reinforcement of Competitiveness and its Results

Author: Mgr. Lenka Kameníčková
Year: 2002 - summer
Leaders: † prof. Ing. Luděk Urban CSc., Jean Monnet Professor
Work type: European Integration
Language: Czech
Pages: 96
Awards and prizes:
Abstract: It has been more than two years since the 15 member states of the EU have set a strategic objective: "to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion", all of this within the next ten years. This paper presents the first results of their efforts. It starts with a short characteristics of the economic situation during the last decade of 20th century. It moves then to the outcomes of Lisbon, Stockholm and Barcelona EU summits where the European Council specified its objectives and steps necessary to achieve it. Next part of this paper describes the policy of the European Commission, which should play a central role in defining measures to promote competitiveness of the EU and in putting them into practice. The third chapter shows how different institutions and international organisations try to "measure" and assess competitiveness. There are not many differences between the scoreboards produced by the European Commission and e.g. by UNICE or OECD. All of them examine innovations, entrepreneurship and diffusion of the information and communication technologies. From this we can conclude that the EU's competitiveness policy concentrates on the right areas and the reasons of its current failure have to be found somewhere else. The final part presents what factors are considered to be the main contributors to country's improving economic performance and thus growing competitiveness.
Downloadable: Diploma Thesis - Kameníčková




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