Work detail

Effect of education on health: The Czech Republic case

Author: PhDr. Marek Pažitka
Year: 2015 - summer
Leaders: doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.
Consultants:
Work type: Doctoral
Language: English
Pages: 74
Awards and prizes:
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Abstract: Previous research has uncovered a large, positive and causal link between education and health. This
paper is devoted to examining the topic in the former Czechoslovakia. My analysis is conducted on a
data set pooled from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). I utilize a
continuum of ages at school entry, caused by the use of a single school cut-off, to identify the effect of
education on health, which is uniquely created from the PCA method and using 30 questions of the
SHARE. Therefore, I apply instrumental variable approach with a month of birth as an instrument for
education. The results from the first-stage suggest that the instrument is not valid, since a correlation
between the instrumental (Month of birth) and the instrumented variable (education) is very low and
insignificant. The results remain insignificant even after adjusting for different measures of education,
health, institutional changes or heterogeneous effects. As the most probable cause, I state the inability to
control for non-compliers in my instrumental variable regressions. As a consequence, all the results
regarding the link between education and health are inconclusive.

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