Impact of Information Technologies on Unemployment: Spatial Analysis
|Author:||Bc. Josef Záhlava|
|Year:||2015 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík CSc.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||This thesis analyses the impact of information and communication technologies
(ICT) on unemployment in international context. The thesis summarizes the
knowledge and research outcomes on the impact of ICT on the economy both
on micro and macroeconomic level and deducts implications for unemployment.
Moreover, the thesis assesses the impact of international economic integration
on unemployment and labour market situation. Using ICT is beneficial for economic
growth and labour productivity. This leads to decrease in unemployment
rate. The impact of ICT differs both among sectors of the economy and
groups of workers by qualification. The unemployment rate is internationally
autocorrelated due to international economic integration. In close countries it
follows similar development. Based on empirical research of panel data of eleven
european countries for years 1996 to 2007, international autocorrelation in
unemployment rate and beneficial impact of ICT in lowering unemployment
rate were confirmed. However, due to violation of necessary assumption of normality,
the results of MLE analysis need not be valid. This can be tackled by
employing different estimation method, perhaps 2SLS.