Inflation Targeting Turns Ten in Georgia: //Assessment of the Experience
|Autor:||Mgr. Ketevan Megrelishvili|
|Rok:||2018 - zimní|
|Vedoucí:|| PhDr. Jaromír Baxa Ph.D.
|Typ práce:|| Diplomová
Finance, finanční trhy a bankovnictví
|Abstrakt:||The paper evaluates transition of the monetary policy in Georgia to inflation targeting and the
record of the first years of experience with this policy. The inflation targeting was officially
announced in 2009; nevertheless, the National bank of Georgia (“NBG”) was investigating and
planning the transition since 2006. The NBG implemented new instrument the monetary rate –
as a precondition for switching to the inflation targeting. The NBG has also improved the
independence and transparency following its introduction.
Then, we assess the success of the policy change by investigating the efficiency of the monetary
transmission mechanism using vector auto-regression models with alternative identification
schemes, in particular, the Cholesky decomposition and sign restrictions approach. Our findings
suggest that the monetary transmission mechanism works primarily via the Tbilisi interbank
rate while the effects of changes in the newly implemented monetary policy rate are bit weaker.
The maximum price decrease is achieved after about 15-17 months and it somewhat coincides
with the NBG’s horizon (4-6 quarters). We have further established that the monetary policy
supports the financial stability to a certain extent.