Relationship of Economic Growth and Pollution in the Czech Republic
|Author:||Bc. Martin Moldan|
|Year:||2019 - summer|
|Leaders:|| RNDr. Michal Červinka Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) is a hypothesized relationship
between GDP per capita and pollution. It suggests that the relationship has
a shape of a concave quadratic function—i.e. that firstly, with increasing
GDP per capita, levels of pollution increase. And then, from some level of
GDP per capita, as GDP per capita rises, levels of pollution decrease. This
bachelor thesis examines whether the EKC holds for the Czech Republic
or not. It uses panel data on air pollution for the period 1995–2017, in
particular concentrations SO2 and NOx. This analysis is conducted using
the fixed effects method.
The results of this bachelor thesis suggest that for the case of SO2, there
is a relationship between GDP per capita and the pollutant’s concentrations.
However, this relationship does not change over time significantly. Moreover,
for the case of NOx, the relationship between the pollutant’s concentrations
and GDP per capita is not significant, hence, the EKC hypothesis can be
rejected for both examined pollutants.