The relationship between education and labour force structure in African countries: gender comparison
|Author:||Bc. Duc Anh Le|
|Year:||2021 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová Ph.D.
|Work type:|| Bachelors
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||This thesis investigates the association between education and person’s labour
market status in African countries, with specific focus on Ethiopia, Nigeria, and
Sierra Leone. Data from the most recent household surveys conducted by respective countries’ statistical agencies are applied to this research. The analysis was
further broken down by sex to examine, whether similar results could be derived
for male and female population. This was achieved by carrying out the series of
gender-specific logit models. The findings of this thesis suggest that more educated people are more likely to engage in formal employment and less likely to
engage in subsistence farming, regardless of gender or country. However, no clear
association was found between education and unemployment. Furthermore, the
returns to male’s education were at least as significant as female’s returns, if not
larger, in terms of formal employment incidence.