R&D Policy in the European Union and the "European Paradox"
|Author:||Mgr. Jan Svoboda|
|Year:||2004 - summer|
|Leaders:|| doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík CSc.
|Work type:|| European Integration
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||This thesis is focused on the role of the EU as a coordinator of R&D policies in Europe. The member states carried out their policies independently for a long time. But along with progressing European integration and globalization there were ever stronger voices requesting common approach. Positive shift came in the 1980's with Framework Programmes but the first really complex solution was endorsed in 2000 -- the European Research Area. This ambitious project is a key part of Lisbon Strategy that aims on making the EU "the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world". ERA should become the cure for all the main problems of European research and technological and industrial performance. That includes the "European Paradox"- the inferiority in terms of transforming the results of technological research and skills into innovations and competitive advantages (compared with the United States and Japan).|