Lisbon Strategy – European Research Area
|Author:||Mgr. Jiří Křepelka|
|Year:||2004 - summer|
|Leaders:|| † prof. Ing. Luděk Urban CSc., Jean Monnet Professor
|Work type:|| Economic Policy
|Awards and prizes:|
|Abstract:||In January 2000 European Commission introduced a new policy to support research and development in Europe. This policy created a European Research Area.
At the Lisbon European Summit in march 2000 heads of state and government in Europe committed themselves to turn Europe, with its huge potential, into the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world by the end of the first decade of the 21st century. This means to outrun world science leaders USA and Japan during 10 years.
At the beginning of my diploma project I would like to describe Lisbon strategy as a legal basis for the next step to investigate the European Research Area, its strengths and weaknesses, current problems and its position in present global world as well as the fulfilment of the Lisbon Strategy timetable. At the Barcelona Summit in March 2002 members of delegations called for an increase in the percentage of average European Gross Domestic Product dedicated to research and development to 3%. This act would help to the European research, to be at least comparable equipped with current investment level abroad. The current average level of investments into European research and development is only 1.9% of GDP.
This diploma project is focus, beside all above, on some aspects of European educational system, human capital building in Europe and (high-skilled) labour force mobility. This part contains sociological survey made in a form of questionnaire, among Czech PhD students, future scientists. It is a base for models of behaviour within the European Research Area. I this project I would like to affirm my hypothesis that, the European Research Area will not be the most competitive on the field of science at the end of this decade.